Tour Tarquinia

The city of Tarquinia ( Tarquini in Latin and Tarch(u)na in Etruscan arising from the legendary Tarconte ) was one of the oldest and most important of the twelve Etruscan settlements in relationship with Rome since ancient times, this city gave the dynasty to many Etruscan kings ( Tarquinius Priscus, Servius Tullius and Tarquinius Superbus ), which played a major role in the history of the Latin city (late seventh and seventh centuries b.C. ).

Tarquinia went to war with Rome several times and this was finally subdued after the battle of Sentino early in the third century b.C. in 295 b.C. Since then, Tarquinia was part of the Roman territories in Regio VII Etruria. In the fifth century it came under the reign of Theodoric, the Roman-gothic. In the first half of the sixth century it was involved in war and in the second half of the Gothiica century it became part of the Lombard Duchy of Tuscia. In the second half of 'the eighth century the Tuscia was first acquired in the domain of the Carolingians and later donated to Pope as part of the newly formed State of the Church.

Probably as early as the sixth century there was an initial gradual depopulation of the Etruscan-Roman area , who went accentuated in the Middle Ages, and then completed in the late Middle Ages, when the old town was reduced to a little castle. From the eighth century AC, on a hill adjacent to the ancient city, but in view of the sea, there is an attest to the presence of a fortress called Corgnetum or Cornietum. Between the end of the tenth and the beginning of the 'eleventh-century in some documents is appointed the name of Corgitus (since 1004) or Tower of Corgnitu (from 939). From this small nucleus will develop, in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, the medieval center of Corneto. In 1144 it became a free Italian municipality entering into trade pacts with Genoa (in 1165) and Pisa (in 1177). In the thirteenth century it resisted to the assault of Frederick II.. It is also opposed to the aims of the Church, but the city was finally reduced to obedience by Cardinal Albornoz (1355) and since then, albeit with brief interruptions, he remained to the Papal states sharing with him the events. In 1435 Pope Eugene IVelevated Corneto to the rank of “Civitas” and Episcopalian site . In 1854 the diocese Corneto was united “aeque principaliter” to the diocese of Civitavecchia. In 1986, the dioceses were fully united in the diocese of Civitavecchia – Tarquinia.

 

The Tour will have the following program:

1) The Etruscan necropolis

It covers about 750 hectares, it is one of the most important chamber tombs with rich decorations. The use to decorate the burial chambers is not only a prerogative of the city of Tarquinia, but it is only here that the phenomenon reached such dimensions as to be an important witness to the evolution of the Etruscan civilization from the seventh to the third century BC. Until now about graves with traces of paint or paintings found exclusively in the funeral homes of aristocrats are well known. The images that are reproduced tend to build around the figure the late scenes referring to his daily life, as if to emphasize, reflecting a belief common to all primitive peoples, the continuity of life beyond death. A total of 14 tombs have been currently visited .The Tomb of the Hunter, The Tomb of the Jugglers, The Tomb of Pulcella, The Tomb of Cardarelli, the Tomb of the Lotus Flower, The Tomb of the Lionesses, the Tomb of the Gorgoneion, the Caronti, the Leopards, The Bacchae, The Tomb of Hunting and Fishing, 5513 and 5591.

Info: Click here

2) The Etruscan Museum

This masterpiece of the Renaissance architecture with elements in the Catalan Gothic style, was built by order of Cardinal Giovanni Vitelleschi between 1436 and 1439 according to the plans of Giovanni Dalmata. The palace belonged to the noble family, by far the most prominent among those who, from various events, dominated the political, economic, social and religious Comet, until the seventeenth century, when, retired to Rome, the last heirs put selling all their possessions. The building was put up for auction in 1892, following the failure of the last owner, Count Soderini, and bought by the city who later sold it to the state. It now houses the National Etruscan Museum, considered one of the most important in Italy. The main door leads into the Piazza Cavour, an airy courtyard with trapezoidal shape with sides and the bottom right are characterized by a twofold arcade with pointed arches and decorated with two-color stain nenfro.

Info: Click here

3) Old Town

The city currently maintains, a strong medieval character, accentuated by the many towers and walls from several churches. Among these, the greatest and most importantly, Santa Maria di Castello, where you can see the influences from Lombardy and Cosmatesque. In other churches, like St. James, or that of the Santissima Annunziata, can be seen Arab and Byzantine influences .The remains of the medieval Palazzo dei Priori are the most characteristic scenery of the city as well as the church of San Pancrazio: here, as in the churches dedicated to St. Francis and St. John, the Gothic forms are grafted onto the Romanic ones. The grand palace was started in 1436 and was completed by Vitelleschi in an elegant Renaissance style towards 1480-1490 and now is the home of the National Museum of Tarquinia. Also belong to the Renaissance the elegant frescoes by Antonio del Massaro (known as the "Pasture") also belong to the Renaissance as well as those in the choir of the cathedral made by an unknown artist in the building Vitelleschi. Places to visit: Romanic Church of S. Mary in the Castle **, Fontana Nuova, Town Hall, Church St. Francis, Overview The visit inside the romanic Church of St. Mary in the Castle and the adjacent tower is only possible with the guide service.

The Tour will have the following program:

1) Customers will be taken directly to the output of the ship ( without having to take the shuttle service made available by port companies ), or meeting place.

2) The Etruscan necropolis.

3) The Etruscan Museum.

4) Old Town.

 

Price offered from April to October: *
1-4 persons = € 280,00 ( Minimum price )
5 adults = 65 each one
6 adults = 60 each one
7 adults = 55 each one
8 adults = 50 each one

With a minibus:
9-16 adults = 45 each one



Price offered from November to March: *
1-4 persons = € 260,00 ( Minimum price )
5 adults = 60 each one
6 adults = 55 each one
7 adults = 50 each one
8 adults = 45 each one

With a minibus:
9-16 persons = 40 each one

 

Children from 3 to 9 years old = 25 € each.
Children from 0 to 2 years old = free.
Adult = +10 year old

 

 * Prices are indicated specifically for departing and arriving from the town of Civitavecchia and Tarquinia.

** The visit inside the Church of St. Mary in the Castle and the Tower (and 5 tombs closed to the public) is only possible with the guide service. Click here

  http://www.artetruria.it/index.htm